Yet not, in earlier times Lunigiana secure a much bigger town represented by diocese from Luni
Prehistory and you can Roman Years
Now Lunigiana corresponds to the area of the Magra Lake, therefore it is administratively divided ranging from several Provinces: La Spezia and you will Massa Carrara.
Due to its morphological provides and to the proper status, brand new Magra Area has long been a natural passageway who has got heard of passage of additional individuals with strongly swayed new history and you will company in the area.
Lunigiana keeps featured a strong cultural label because the Prehistoric Era, as the seen by the preferred Sculpture Stele, anthropomorphic stone statues dating back the newest last-first 100 years B.C., kept at the Piagnaro Castle in Pontremoli.
Title “Lunigiana” was initially included in 1141 to suggest an area belonging to the Roman local government out of Luni and also to the thirty five Parish church buildings thrown within the Magra Area, Serchio Valley as well as the coastline as much as Versilia on the South and you will Levanto into the West. Which region try now referred to as “Lunigiana Storica” (Historic Lunigiana).
This new Romans, who’d outdone this new Ligurian some body residing in this particular area, created the city of Luni on mouth area of Lake Magra into the 177 B.C.. Luni try extremely effective particularly during the Imperial go out once they reach excavate the nearby marble quarries inside the Carrara. Thanks to the harbour these things could be shipped to all of the the fresh territories from the Kingdom. And, the area is well connected already regarding the Republican Ages many thanks to help you a competent road program. Unfortuitously, the town educated a productive and you will trading crisis regarding 4th century considering the shutting off of marble quarries and you may to the ditch of your own harbour you to turned into good marsh.
Following the decay of Luni few other town or governmental stamina managed to give a beneficial unified management entity so you can Lunigiana again.
After the slip of the West Roman Kingdom, in barbarian invasions (6th-seventh 100 years), inside the Lunigiana Byzantines conducted this new Longobards, therefore inside months of numerous castles and you can fortifications was in fact mainly based. If the Longobards obtained, Lunigiana passed intoxicated by Lucca one to proceeded and during the this new rule of Franks.
If you find yourself Luni try suffering sackings because of the Saracens and Normans, the Frankish dukedom is actually replaced of the good Carolingian march, yet not zero political change happened up until the 10th 100 years. The brand new area is actually organized according to “curtes”, outlying property qualities that have been the cornerstone on what the next office on the fiefdoms taken place. These types of lands belonged mostly so you’re able to rich household, specifically on Obertenghi, also on the Church as well as bishops.
In the half the fresh new tenth century new King of Italy Berengario II dependent the prospective away from Liguria Orientale (East Liguria) ruled of the Earl Luni Oberto of Obertenghi loved ones. Lunigiana try included into so it Draw it was not any longer consuming Lucca.
On tenth-11th millennium, the fresh new territory are split up into numerous small house properties due to the fresh new drama of your own Italian Reign and to the absence of good urban centers.
Thus, regarding twelfth and you will 13th millennium Lunigiana educated a political instability where two political agencies in contrast together came up: the fresh Malaspina loved ones (the main Obertenghi dinasty) similarly and the bishops of Luni on the other. They battled one another about 13th century until the 1304 after they in the long run closed the brand new Treaty out-of Castelnuovo on the visibility of the poet Dante Alighieri (who was exiled in Lunigiana) as their solicitor.
With this treaty, the fresh bishop away from Luni handled their laws across the coast and the reduced Magra valley whereas all the top Lunigiana is actually allotted to the new Malaspina exactly who however were not able to make an excellent unified fiefdom.
The causes were actually split in 2 bits: the “Spino Secco”, governed by Corrado Malaspina, incorporated the lands to the right riverside of Magra Lake whereas the “Spino Fiorito”, speaing frankly about Obizzo Malaspina, protected new leftover riverside with the exception of Villafranca. Pontremoli is the only real town that has been maybe not confronted with the fresh Malaspina signal and that acted because the a separate Comune for years and years.
Specific preferred characters of times, for example Castruccio Castracani and you will Spinetta Malaspina, tried to unite the fresh new region without the luck therefore from the 14th 100 years Lunigiana try separated amongst the chief towns of that period: Genoa, Milan, Lucca and you may Florence.
When you look at the New age Lunigiana continued to be a region from the the fresh new border of various municipalities and you can quick fiefdoms governed by the Malaspina.
When Napoleon occupied Italy, your regional fiefdoms must guarantee respect on the French Empire, but with the latest Vienna Congress Lunigiana is tasked once again toward Italian dukedoms regarding Tuscany, Modena, Parma and you can Sardinia.
Eventually, following the unification out-of Italy, Lunigiana grabbed the brand new administrative layout you to definitely characterizes it today split up between a few Nations and you will around three Provinces, and that still explanations label and you will management troubles.